Gimp 2.8

General questions¶

Is there a company or a foundation behind GIMP?

No. We are a diverse group of volunteers from around the world who work on this
project in their spare time. Code-wise most of project contributions come from
Europe where the current GIMP maintainers live. Our translators are an even
more diverse group of contributors, since GIMP is available in
80 languages/locales.

What’s the GIMP’s license, and how do I comply with it?

GIMP is distributed under terms of General Public License v3 and later. In a
nutshell, this means:

  • You are free to use GIMP, for any purpose
  • You are free to distribute GIMP
  • You can study how GIMP works and change it
  • You can distribute changed versions of GIMP

Note that once you distribute modified version of GIMP, you also must publish
your changes to the source code under GPLv3+ as well.

Someone sold or tried to sell me GIMP on a 3rd party website. Is this legal?

Yes, under terms of the General Public License this is perfectly legal,
provided that the seller also gave you the source code of GIMP and any
modifications he/she introduced. Please see
this page for more information.

Are you trying to develop a Photoshop killer app?

No. Most generic image editors look like Photoshop simply because Adobe’s
application was among the first image editors as we know them now, so
developers tend to stick to what people know — in general terms.

What we aim to do is to create a high-end image manipulation application that
is free to use and modify by everyone, ever.

Feature-wise, the proposed “high-end” status does automatically put GIMP into
direct comparison against Photoshop, but we don’t think about competition
much. We have too many ideas of our own to implement, and too many things to
improve before the notion of competition begins to make the slightest sense.

We do, however, acknowledge the fact that people will treat GIMP as Photoshop
replacement no matter what we tell them, and that’s all right with us. You
own this software, it’s up to you to decide how you make use of it.

I don’t like GIMP’s user interface. Why can’t you just copy Adobe Photoshop?

In the past, the development in the project was somewhat erratic with regards
to taking usability into consideration, which is rather typical for free
software projects, but inexcusable for a high-end image editor that GIMP aims to become.

Between 2006 and 2013, we worked with Peter Sikking of Man+Machine Works, a
professional usability architect, who helped us shape the project vision for
GIMP, interviews professional users to better understand their workflows and
demands, and wrote functional specifications for various GIMP features.

This collaboration resulted in major improvements of
GIMP’s usability, in particular: the rectangular-based selection/cropping
tools, the unified free/polyline selection tool, the single-window mode, the
upcoming unified transformation tool etc.

While working on functional specifications, Peter researched how various
features are implemented in applications with a partially matching feature set
(such as Adobe Photoshop), but the final design was made to help actual users
complete their tasks as fast as possible. This is exactly the kind of approach
to designing interfaces that we consider to be superior to merely copying user
interaction decisions.

I don’t like the name GIMP. Will you change it?

With all due respect, no.

We’ve been using the name GIMP for more than 20 years and it’s widely known.

The name was originally (and remains) an acronym; although the word “gimp” can
be used offensively in some cultures, that is not our intent.

On top of that, we feel that in the long run, sterilization of language will
do more harm than good. GIMP has been quite popular for a long time in search
engine results compared to the use of the word “gimp”. So we think we are on
the right track to make a positive change and make “gimp” something people
actually feel good about. Especially if we add all the features we’ve been
meaning to implement and fix the user interface.

Finally, if you still have strong feelings about the name “GIMP”, you should
feel free to promote the use of the long form GNU Image Manipulation Program
or exercise your software freedom to fork and rebrand GIMP.

GIMP for Unix-like systems

If available, the official package from your Unix-like
distribution is the recommended method of installing GIMP!

The flatpak build is new and has known limitations, though it
will likely provide faster updates, following GIMP releases
closely.

Therefore choose your installation medium according to your
needs.

Flatpak build available in: x86-64 and AArch64
(note: i386 and ARM-32 versions used to be published, yet
are now stuck at GIMP 2.10.14 and 2.10.22 respectively).

Flatpak additional instructions

The flatpak link above should open your software installer
and prompt you to install GIMP. Yet it may not work
out-of-the-box on some platforms since the flatpak technology is
new. If that is the case, ensure flatpak is
installed and if clicking the link still does not prompt to
install GIMP, then manually install by command line:

Once installed, it will be made available exactly the same way
as other applications (menus, desktop overview, or any specific
application launch process used by your desktop).

If this is not the case, we suggest to report a bug to your
desktop or distribution asking for proper support of flatpak. In
the meantime, you can still run it by command line (not as the
recommended method, only a workaround):

This installation will also provide regular update. You don’t
have to come back on this page and install again (it will not
work!) when a new version of GIMP is released. Instead if your
distribution and/or desktop has a good support for flatpak, it
should propose to perform updates.

Once again, if your distribution does not have proper support,
you can always fall back to using the following command line:

Updated user interface and initial HiDPI support¶

One thing immediately noticeable about GIMP 2.10 is the new dark theme and
symbolic icons enabled by default. This is meant to somewhat dim the environment
and shift the focus towards content.

There are now 4 user interface themes available in GIMP: Dark (default), Gray,
Light, and System. Icons are now separate from themes, and we maintain both
color and symbolic icons, so you can configure GIMP to have System theme with
color icons if you prefer the old look.


Color, Legacy, and Symbolic icons

Moreover, icons are available in four sizes now, so that GIMP would look better
on HiDPI displays. GIMP will do its best to detect which size to use, but you
can manually override that selection in Edit > Preferences > Interface >
Icon Themes.


Icons in various sizes to adapt for HiDPI displays.

Contributors: Benoit Touchette, Ville Pätsi, Aryeom Han, Jehan Pagès,
Alexandre Prokoudine…

Как пользоваться редактором Gimp

Для начала скачайте программу на свой компьютер. Всегда свежую версию можно получить на официальном сайте. Выберите версию для своей операционной системы. Ссылка по кнопке ниже.

Установите программу на компьютер и запустите её. Вы увидите интерфейс с разнообразными инструментами редактирования. Всё выглядит и расположено привычно, интуитивно понятно, как и во всех подобных редакторах.

Интерфейс редактора.

Для того, чтобы начать пользоваться редактором Gimp, нужно либо создать в нём изображение самостоятельно, либо загрузить готовое фото, и начать его редактировать, изменять. Нажмите в верхнем меню «Файл», а затем либо «Создать проект», либо «Открыть». Можно также использовать традиционные для этого горячие клавиши — ctrl + N или ctrl + O, соответственно.

Откройте изображение или создайте новое, чтобы начать пользоваться редактором Gimp.

Вы увидите изображение на рабочем пространстве и сможете выполнять с ними разнообразные операции с помощью инструментов, расположенных в панелях управления.

Изображение, загруженное в Gimp готово к редактированию.

Давайте рассмотрим ниже, какие инструменты для работы с изображением есть в этом редакторе.

Возможности редактора Gimp

Графический редактор Gimp позволяет выполнять широкий спектр операций с различными изображениями. Он поддерживает большое количество форматов, имеет множество предустановленных фильтров, кистей и шаблонов. Если вас не устраивает изначальный функционал, его можно расширить за счёт дополнительных модулей. Итак, что же умеет программа?

  • Создание и продвинутая обработка графических файлов, фотографий, логотипов, рисунков. Можно менять размер, редактировать цвет, соединить несколько фото в одно, настраивать уровень яркости, контрастности, цветового баланса, искажений, преобразовывать картинки из одного формата в другой.
  • Поддержка родного формата XCF, а также JPG, JPEG, GIF, TIFF, PNM, MPEG, PNG, TGA, TIF, PS, XPM, BMP, SGI, PDF, ICO, PCX и множества других. И также предоставляется ограниченная поддержка PSD — оригинального формата Photoshop.
  • Рисование. Для создания полноценных рисунков доступен полный набор рабочих инструментов, включающих карандаши, кисти, штампы и другие. Каждый элемент можно тонко настроить, изменить толщину и форму линий, а также прозрачность. 
  • Создание многослойных проектов. Каждый элемент может наноситься в виде отдельного слоя, который затем в случае необходимости очень легко удалить или подкорректировать. А также доступна полная настройка альфа-канала.
  • Полный набор инструментов для преобразования и трансформации: наклон, масштаб, поворот, вращение, отражение.
  • Выделение фрагмента изображения. Доступны такие инструменты выделения, как фрагмент свободной формы, эллипс, прямоугольник, а также интеллектуальное выделение.
  • Поддержка сканеров и графических планшетов.
  • Большое количество встроенных фильтров, возможность как поштучной, так и пакетной обработки файлов. 
  • История. Все ваши действия хранятся в разделе «История», благодаря чему вы сможете отслеживать все выполненные изменения.
  • Анимация. Обработка анимационных файлов формата MNG. Каждый кадр обрабатывается как отдельный слой.
  • Многоязычное меню, включая качественный перевод на русский и украинский языки.
  • Детальная настройка интерфейса, возможность работать в классическом многооконном меню, так и в более привычном для новичков однооконном.
  • Интеграция внешних инструментов, разработанных специально для редактора Gimp.
  • Автоматизация ваших операций за счёт скриптов, написанных на языках Perl, Python и Script-Fu.

Установка программы

После того как вы скачаете установочный файл и сохраните его на жёстком диске, выполните установку программы.

  1. В открывшемся окне установщика первым делом выберите удобный для вас язык. Всего их представлено 9, и, если ваш компьютер имеет русскоязычное меню, русский язык будет выбран по умолчанию.
  2. Чтобы проконтролировать, какие компоненты будут установлены, а также выбрать нужные вам, нажмите кнопку «Настроить» в левом нижнем углу окна установщика. 
  3. Сразу же выскочит пользовательское соглашение, с которым необходимо согласиться. Оно написано на английском и, если вы не владеете ним, просто нажмите кнопку подтверждения, там ничего страшного не написано. Даже если вы знаете английский и полностью прочитали пользовательское соглашение, но с чем-то несогласны, у вас нет другого выбора, кроме как согласиться, иначе установка будет прервана. 
  4. В следующем окне — «Выбор компонентов» — отметьте галочкой те элементы, которые вы хотите использовать в работе. Если вы не хотите слишком долго разбираться, какой компонент за что отвечает, выберите «Полная установка». Если же считаете, что чем-то можно пренебречь, снимите с того пункта отметку. Кроме того, во всплывающем меню можно выбрать несколько пакетов установки: полный, весом почти 300 мегабайт, либо компактный — 128 МБ. После выбора нажмите кнопку «Далее». 
  5. В следующем окошке — «Выбор файловых ассоциаций» — выберите те файлы, которые бы вы хотели открывать редактором Gimp по умолчанию. Утилита автоматически отмечает несколько родных для программы форматов. Если вы хотите применять редактор для других файлов, отметьте их галочками, после чего также нажмите кнопку «Далее». 
  6. В следующем окне вам будет предложено вывести ярлык для быстрого запуска на рабочий стол и панель быстрого запуска. Если вы в них не нуждаетесь, снимите галочки. Для перехода на следующий этап нажмите «Далее». 
  7. В последнем окне выберите папку, куда вы хотите установить Gimp. Нажмите кнопку «Установить» и дождитесь окончания процедуры. 
  8. Запустите программу и подождите некоторое время, пока загрузятся все необходимые компоненты программы. 

После того как графический редактор Gimp будет установлен на ваш компьютер, можно приступать к работе с ним. В следующем пункте мы проведём обзор меню программы. Если вы ищите руководство по выполнению конкретных задач, на нашем сайте вы сможете найти посвящённую этому серию статей.

Changing the Size (Filesize) of a JPEG¶

You can also modify the filesize of an image when exporting it to a format like JPEG. JPEG is a lossy compression algorithm, meaning that when saving images to the JPEG format, you will sacrifice some image quality to gain a smaller filesize.

Using the same Horsehead Nebula image from above, I have resized it to 200px wide (see above), and exported it using different levels of JPEG compression:


Comparison of different JPEG compression levels.

As you can see, even at a quality setting of 80, the image is significantly smaller in filesize (77% size reduction), while the image quality is still quite reasonable.

When you’ve finished any image modifications you are doing, and are ready to export, simply invoke the export dialog with:

File → Export…

This will invoke the Export Image dialog:

You can now enter a new name for your file here. If you include the filetype extension (in this case, .jpg), GIMP will automatically try to export in that file format for you. Here I am exporting the image as a JPEG file.

You can also navigate to a new location on your computer through the Places pane, if you need to export the file to a different location. When you are ready to export the image, just hit the Export button.

This will then bring up the Export Image as JPEG dialog, where you can change the quality of the export:

From this dialog you can now change the quality of the export. If you also have the “Show preview in image window” option checked, the image on the canvas will update to reflect the quality value you input. This will also enable the “File size:” information to tell you what the resulting file size will be. (You may need to move some windows around to view the preview on the canvas in the background).

When you are happy with the results, hit the Export button to export.

To see more details about exporting different image formats, see Getting Images out of GIMP in the manual.

Negative Darkroom¶

Additionally to the other improvements, a new very interesting operation
appears in GEGL, contributed by Jonny Robbie: .

This operation is for artists who use hybrid workflow technique of
analog photography. After scanning a developed negative, this operation
is used to invert the scan to create a positive image by simulating the
light behaviour of darkroom enlarger and common photographic papers.

Negative Darkroom operation in GEGL 0.4.30 / GIMP 2.10.24

As all GEGL operations are automatically detected and made available by
GIMP, this new operation can be used in GIMP 2.10.24 through the generic
GEGL tool (menu then select “Negative
Darkroom (negative-darkroom)” in the dropdown list).

Creating a custom dedicated dialog for this operation has been raised
and may happen in an further version of GIMP to even more improve the
usage and experience.

GIMP for macOS

Note: the currently available package provides GIMP 2.10.22 and has not yet updated to the latest version, GIMP 2.10.24. We’re working on that, please check back later.

Download GIMP 2.10.22
via BitTorrent

Download GIMP 2.10.22
directly

The download links above will attempt to download GIMP from one of our trusted mirror servers.
If the mirrors do not work or you would rather download directly from our server, you can get the direct download here.

Supported OS: macOS 10.9 Mavericks or over

Since the 2.8.2 version, GIMP runs on OSX natively. No X11 environment is required.

Native build

The official GIMP 2.10 DMG installer (linked above) is a stock GIMP build without any add-ons. Just open the downloaded DMG and drag and drop GIMP into your «Applications» folder.

The SHA256 hash sum for is:
844dc06731cbd8ccaa6ffd4e0c74ad49ed1ecb6ae65db71988102acb6c219d56

Check it on
VirusTotal:

Macports

An easy way to compile and install GIMP and other great Free software on your Mac is by using Macports. The installer allows you to choose from a large directory of packages. To install gimp using Macports, you simply do once you have Macports installed.

Last we checked, the GIMP
port file pointed to the current stable release
and we have reports from people who’ve built GIMP
successfully this way.

Download Macports

Homebrew

Homebrew is similar to Macports and provides packages (aka formulas) to install, either by compiling them from source or by using pre-made binaries. There are indications that there is now a formula for GIMP, installable with: .

Download Homebrew

NOTE! Please be aware that it was announced recently that Homebrew is using analytics.
To turn this off in homebrew then run:
You can read more about this on Brew Analytics.

Fink

Fink is a package repository that offer mostly precompiled binaries. It provides the apt-get command known to e.g. Debian and Ubuntu users, and installing GIMP is as easy as once you have installed the Fink installer.

If there’s no binary package, then will compile GIMP from source.

Disclaimer: we haven’t been able to determine if it is
possible to install or build recent GIMP from Fink.
Last we checked, GIMP 2.6.12 appears to be the most recent GIMP package that is offered there.

Source for version 2.8 (Stable)

GIMP releases available from gimp.org and its contain the source code and have to be compiled in order to be installed on your system.

For instructions, how to build GIMP from source code, please see this page.

GIMP 2.8.22 is now available at https://download.gimp.org/mirror/pub/gimp/v2.8/. You may want to read the Release Notes for GIMP 2.8.

To allow you to check the integrity of the tarballs, here are the MD5 sums of the latest releases:

gimp-2.8.22.tar.bz27e4fd7a53b1d3c32dff642ab1a94b44d

gimp-2.8.20.tar.bz2d405640c426b234d6efc36fb4f5bae57

gimp-2.8.18.tar.bz25adaa11a68bc8a42bb2c778fee4d389c

gimp-2.8.16.tar.bz230e0a1b7c18b0e3415f4ac54567252ac

gimp-2.8.14.tar.bz2233c948203383fa078434cc3f8f925cb

gimp-2.8.12.tar.bz247fefa240c38cfb1016b57ad6324378d

gimp-2.8.10.tar.bz284c964aab7044489af69f7319bb59b47

gimp-2.8.8.tar.bz2ef2547c3514a1096931637bd6250635a

gimp-2.8.6.tar.bz212b3fdf33d1f07ae79b412a9e38b9693

gimp-2.8.4.tar.bz2392592e8755d046317878d226145900f

gimp-2.8.2.tar.bz2b542138820ca3a41cbd63fc331907955

gimp-2.8.0.tar.bz228997d14055f15db063eb92e1c8a7ebb

GIMP help files are available at https://download.gimp.org/mirror/pub/gimp/help/.

Please consider using one of the mirrors listed below.

Refactoring¶

While porting old features and implementing new ones, a lot of side work
has been done on the code structure. Many parts of the code base got
refactored for better maintenance.

Even when some port is not done yet, ground work may have been prepared,
such as the interface to add a layer of abstraction to
(preparing us to actually move away from it at a later
point which is one of the main remaining big ports for the move to GTK3).

Many other parts are constantly remodeled and improved as part of
a never-ending background work.

Status: refactoring is always work in the progress, always was, always
will be. It never really stops.

Rotate and/or Flip an Image¶

There may be a time that you would need to rotate an image. For instance, you may have taken the image with your camera in a vertical orientation, and for some reason it wasn’t detected by GIMP as needing to be rotated (GIMP will normally figure this out for you, but not always).

There may also be a time that you’d like to flip an image as well. These commands are grouped together under the same menu item:

Image → Transform

Flip an Image

If you want to flip your image, the Transform menu offers two options, Flip Horizontally, or Flip Vertically. This operation will mirror your image along the specified axis. For example, here are all of the flip operations shown in a single image:


All flips applied to base image (top left).

Rotate an Image

Image rotation from the Transform menu is contrained to either 90° clockwise/counter-clockwise, or 180°.

Don’t mis-interpret this to mean that GIMP cannot do arbitrary rotations (any angle). Arbitrary rotations are handled on a per-layer basis, while the image rotation described here is applicable to the entire image at once.


Original (top left), 90° clockwise (top right)
90° counter-clockwise (bottom left), 180° (bottom right)

A simple example¶

(define (simple-unsharp-mask filename
                              radius
                  amount
                  threshold)
   (let* ((image (car (gimp-file-load RUN-NONINTERACTIVE filename filename)))
          (drawable (car (gimp-image-get-active-layer image))))
     (plug-in-unsharp-mask RUN-NONINTERACTIVE
                       image drawable radius amount threshold)
     (gimp-file-save RUN-NONINTERACTIVE image drawable filename filename)
     (gimp-image-delete image)))

This simple script takes a filename and some numeric parameters. It opens the respective file, applies the Unsharp Mask filter and saves the image again (be careful, for the sake of simplicity this script overwrites the original image). It does all this w/o any user interaction, so we can run it without any user interface. In order to do that, save the script with the .scm extension in the ~/.gimp-2.4/scripts directory. Then run it like this:

gimp -i -b '(simple-unsharp-mask "foo.png" 5.0 0.5 0)' -b '(gimp-quit 0)'

There is a catch here: Some plugins or Script-Fu scripts create new layers and then flatten the image again. This changes the drawable ID. If this is the case insert the following line to get the current drawable ID just before saving the image:

(set! drawable (car (gimp-image-get-active-layer image)))

FTP and Web Mirrors

We had a server move a while back that caused us to lose our existing mirrors (moved from physical to virtual server and to an environment that doesn’t allow FTP access).
On the plus side, we are now able to offer rsync access to download.gimp.org.

If you are running one of the existing GIMP mirrors, or want to create a new one, please contact us to get your rsync credentials.

Denmark
https://mirrors.dotsrc.org/gimp/gimp/
ftp://mirrors.dotsrc.org/gimp/
rsync://mirrors.dotsrc.org/gimp/
Finland
https://www.nic.funet.fi/pub/mirrors/ftp.gimp.org/
ftp://ftp.funet.fi/pub/mirrors/ftp.gimp.org/
rsync://rsync.nic.funet.fi/ftp/pub/mirrors/ftp.gimp.org/
France
http://ftp.iut-bm.univ-fcomte.fr/gimp/
ftp://ftp.iut-bm.univ-fcomte.fr/gimp/
rsync://ftp.iut-bm.univ-fcomte.fr/gimp/
https://gimp.ip-connect.info/gimp/
rsync://gimp.ip-connect.info/gimp/
ftp://gimp.ip-connect.info/mirror/gimp/
Germany
https://ftp.fau.de/gimp/gimp/
ftp://ftp.fau.de/gimp/gimp/
rsync://ftp.fau.de/gimp/
https://ftp.gwdg.de/pub/misc/grafik/gimp/
ftp://ftp.gwdg.de/pub/misc/grafik/gimp/
https://artfiles.org/gimp.org/pub/gimp/
Greece
https://ftp.cc.uoc.gr/mirrors/gimp/
ftp://ftp.cc.uoc.gr/mirrors/gimp/
Japan
http://www.ring.gr.jp/pub/graphics/gimp/
Netherlands
https://ftp.snt.utwente.nl/pub/software/gimp/gimp/
ftp://ftp.snt.utwente.nl/pub/software/gimp/gimp/
Philippines
http://mirror.rise.ph/gimp/
ftp://mirror.rise.ph/gimp/
Poland
https://ftp.icm.edu.pl/pub/graphics/gimp/
ftp://ftp.icm.edu.pl/pub/graphics/gimp/
rsync://ftp.icm.edu.pl/pub/graphics/gimp/
gopher://ftp.icm.edu.pl/1/pub/graphics/gimp/
Sweden
https://ftp.lysator.liu.se/pub/gimp/
ftp://ftp.lysator.liu.se/pub/gimp
rsync://ftp.lysator.liu.se/pub/gimp
Ukraine
https://mirror.klaus-uwe.me/gimp/gimp/
ftp://mirror.klaus-uwe.me/gimp/
rsync://mirror.klaus-uwe.me/gimp/
United Kingdom
https://www.mirrorservice.org/sites/ftp.gimp.org/pub/gimp/
ftp://ftp.mirrorservice.org/sites/ftp.gimp.org/pub/gimp/
rsync://rsync.mirrorservice.org/ftp.gimp.org/pub/gimp/
https://mirrors.ukfast.co.uk/sites/gimp.org/pub/gimp/
ftp://mirrors.ukfast.co.uk/gimp.org/pub/gimp/
rsync://mirrors.ukfast.co.uk/gimp.org/pub/gimp/
United States
https://mirror.jaleco.com/gimp/gimp/
https://mirror.umd.edu/gimp/gimp/
http://gimp.cp-dev.com/
ftp://devhost.cp-dev.com/gimp
rsync://gimp.cp-dev.com/gimp
https://mirrors.syringanetworks.net/gimp/gimp/
ftp://mirrors.syringanetworks.net/gimp/
rsync://mirrors.syringanetworks.net/gimp/
https://mirrors.xmission.com/gimp/gimp/
ftp://mirrors.xmission.com/gimp/gimp/
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